Peter and Paul are the two “pillars” on which the Church of Rome is founded. Their deaths are not recorded in the Scriptures, but legend says that they both died near Rome within a few years of each other. The Basilica of St. Peter is built on the traditional site where Peter was crucified upside-down on the Vatican Hill, and the Basilica of St. Paul-outside-the-Walls marks the traditional spot where Paul, as a Roman citizen, was beheaded. As with the Nativity of John the Baptist, the importance of this solemnity is marked by an additional set of texts for a vigil Mass.

VIGIL Mass, Lectionary #590

Acts 3:1–10. All power in the apostles’ ministry comes from Jesus.

Psalm of the Vigil: Ps (18) 19
The first part of this psalm, praising the God of creation, is applied in Christian imagery to the apostles who preached the message to the whole world.

Their Message Goes Out (Alstott)   BB
Their Message Goes Out (Chepponis/Gelineau)  WOR 1036/RS 39/LPGG 1041
Their Message Goes Out (Guimont)   GC2 891/LPMG 590
Their Message Goes Out (Hunstiger)   SS
Their Message Goes Out (Schiavone)   JS 1056/LP 201
Their Message Goes Out (Ward)   PMB 750/WS/PRM A101

Galatians 1:11–20. Like the prophets before him, Paul was chosen by God from his mother’s womb. His message, like his mission, comes from God.

John 21:15–19. Early tradition associated the threefold affirmation of love in this reading with Peter’s threefold denial of Jesus before his death.

Songs for the Vigil
See the suggestions for Mass during the Day.

MASS DURING THE DAY, Lectionary #591

Acts 12:1–11. Though Peter might have died in Jerusalem, when Herod killed James, he did not. God had other plans for him, so he was set free by divine intervention to continue his mission.

Psalm of the Day: Ps (33) 34
The psalmist sings in thanksgiving and invites the just to join in the song.

I Called in My Distress   PSL A-218/SS
The Angel of the Lord (Alstott)   BB
The Angel of the Lord (Guimont)   GC2 919/LPMG 591
The Angel of the Lord (Hughes)   PMB 751/WS 154/PRM A102
The Angel of the Lord (Hughes/Gelineau)  WOR 1037/RS 73/LPGG 1042
The Angel of the Lord (Hughes/Waddell)  CBW 221
The Angel of the Lord (Hunstiger)   SS
The Angel of the Lord (Schiavone)   JS 1057/LP 202

2 Timothy 4:6–8, 17–18. At the end of his life, Paul reflects on his ministry, blessed by the Lord’s presence, and on his future: “The crown of righteousness awaits me.”

Matthew 16:13–19. Simon recognizes Jesus as “the Christ, the Son of the living God.” Jesus sees in this affirmation the work of the Father, so he appoints Simon as the foundation on which the church will be built. (“Petros—the Greek word for “rock”—became Simon’s nickname: Simon Peter. It’s like calling someone “Rocky.”)

Songs for the Day’s Liturgy

A Living Faith (D1,D2)   RS 726/CBW 447/GC2 579
Apostles of Our Ancient Faith (VPs,DG)  CBW 486
As a Fire Is Meant for Burning (V1,V2,VG)  RS 779/GC 663/GC2 643
By All Your Saints Still Striving, special verses for Jan 25, Feb 22, and June 29 WC
954/WOR 706/RS 887/JS 784/SS
By Gracious Powers (D1,D2)  WOR 577
Christ's Church Shall Glory (V1,V2,VG,DG)  WOR 616/RS 777/SS
*Church of God, v 2 (DG)  RS 783/GP 571/GC 664/CBW 581/MI‑BB
Church of God, Elect and Glorious (DG)   JS 533/MI-BB/SS
Faith of Our Fathers (D1,D2) WOR 571/RS 726/GC 600/GC2 579/CBW 446, 447/PMB 421/GP 592/JS 698/WC 805/WS/MI-BB/SS
*Go, v 2 (VG)  LMGM 66/RS 604/GC 454/WC 879/WS
God, We Praise You  WOR 535/RS 676/JS 594/WC 896/WS/BB/SS
Great Is the Lord (VPs,V2)  GC 684
Hail, Redeemer, King Most Blest!    SS
How Firm a Foundation (D1, D Ps, D2)   WOR 585/MI‑BB/LMGM 102/GC 606/GC2 587/WC 833/JS 716/RS 731/PMB 438/SS
How Shall They Hear the Word of God (V1,V2,VG)  WOR 629
*If You Love Me, Feed My Lambs (C)   PSL A-219/SS
Let All on Earth Their Voices Raise (V1,V2)  WOR 716/CBW 452
Lord, You Give the Great Commission (V1,V2,VG,D1,D2,DG)  WOR 470/RS 607/GC 456/GC2 466/CBW 691/WC 742/JS 452/GP 401/MI‑BB/WS/SS
*Now I Know My Lord and Savior (VE)   IH 80
Now We Remain (VG,D2) RS 813/GC 694/GC2 696/WC 640/WS/MI-BB/SS
O Christ, the Great Foundation (DG)  WOR 618/RS 781, 782/GC2 646/CBW 527/SS
Only This I Want (D2)  GP 575/CBW 516/GC2 701/JS 766/MI‑BB
Out of Darkness -- Walker (VPs)  JS 765/GP 574/GC 689/MI‑BB
Ps 16: Keep Me Safe, O God (D1,D Ps,D2)
Ps 30: I Will Praise You, Lord  (D1,D Ps,D2)    
Shelter Me, O God (D1,D Ps, D2)   JS 724/GP 626/GC 636/GC2 634/MI-BB
Take Up Your Cross (VG,D1,D2)  WOR 634/CBW 353/LMGM 50/GP 586/MI-BB/RS 808/GC 698/GC2 688, 690/WC 750/JS 524/WS/SS
The Bearers of the Living Word  (V Ps,V2,VG,DG)   JS 679
The Church’s One Foundation (DG)  CBW 526/GC 661/JS 779/GP 573/WC 743/WS/MI-BB/SS
*The Lord Declared (VE)   IH 79
*The Love of the Lord (V1,D1,D2)  RS 814/GC 702/GC2 680
The Summons (V1,VG)   RS 811/GC 700/GC2 687/WC 791/WS/MI-BB/SS
Two Noble Saints (VG)  WOR 699/RS 880/JS 517
We Praise You, O God    JS 622
Wherever He Leads (VG,D1,D2)  LMGM 50/RS 810
Ye Watchers and Ye Holy Ones  WOR 707/RS 886/GC 794/GC2 790/GP 446/JS 528/MI‑BB/WC 961/WS/SS
*You Are Peter (VE)   PSL A-217/SS